Since the advent of popular hair restoration techniques in North America in the early 1950s, medical technologies by which hair is restored have expanded and grown from a mediocre industry with unpredictable results to highly effective treatment and popular for modern day baldness. Today’s methods of restoring hair growth on the human scalp are both natural looking and minimally invasive, making them much safer with shorter recovery times. Restored hair looks and grows like natural hair, making it a visually appealing option for many who can base much of their self-esteem on their physical appearance.
There are several methods by which patients today can achieve medical hair restoration. These many methods can be divided into two main categories, surgical hair replacement and laser hair restoration treatment. Surgical hair replacement includes a wide variety of options. The oldest method of surgical hair replacement is known as hair plugs.
Hair caps were first used in the 1950s until around the mid-1980s and early 1990s when follicular transplantation became a reality. As hair plugs are often considered to be the initial pioneering method of hair transplantation, it can also be said that due to the lack of knowledge about hair growth and technologies that are now available today, the results of the Best Hair Transplant doctor in LA first hair transplants they were often not only unpredictable but often very unpleasant as well. The results often resembled doll hair more than natural human hair, and early recipients of the first hair plugs ended up with unruly and irregular tufts rather than full heads of hair. However, with the advancement of technology, hair transplant today offers many additional options that result in much more natural looking hair lines. One of these new hair transplant methods is known as follicular unit transplantation.
Follicular unit transplantation is the gold standard of hair transplantation today. It involves the transplantation of 3-4 hair follicles, the same amount that occurs in natural groups on the human scalp, in the regions of hair thinning. The process is usually performed using today’s advanced technology to remove the follicles via an elliptical excision from the donor site and separate them into follicular units which are then implanted at the recipient sites.
Additional types of medical hair restoration include the lateral slit technique, which can be used as a method of implanting follicular units into the scalp. The lateral fissure technique is also known as the coronal or perpendicular grafting technique. Its name derives from the angle at which the incision is made to implant the donor follicles. While there are other techniques with which to perform follicular transplantation, the lateral fissure technique is considered to be the most advanced so far due to its superior degree of control over the direction of any implanted hair growth.
Hair grafting is another method by which hair can be transplanted from one part of the scalp to another. When performing hair grafting on a patient, a physician will select and remove a portion of the scalp with high hair density and “graft” it to a recipient site on the patient’s scalp that does not have the ability to produce hair. The size of the hair graft is often at the discretion of the physician. Another form of hair grafting is the mini-micro hair graft. Similar to the general grafting technique, the mini micrograft technique leaves the size of the graft to the surgeon’s discretion, however, the process allows for the surgically removing the donor tissue using a multi-bladed knife with which they are then generated. These types of grafts while being larger than the follicular unit, are smaller than typical grafts, although the excess skin is not cut, so the wounds created at the donor sites are often larger than they would be using the unit transplant technique follicular.